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My 4th grade students Mina, Ana, Iva, Katarina, Isidora, Lana, Dario, Dimitrije and Jovan were busy before Easter holiday. They enjoyed making these beautiful posters!davdavdav

Lana Novičić wrote this EGGSTRA Easter poem and her friend Dario Lukša helped her decorate the poster. dav


HIPPO competition

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This year a lot of my students have showed interest in taking part in the International English language competition Hippo 2017. The students have already heard what they are supposed to do at the competition and we are going to have the preparation lessons at school. However, in this post, I’d like to remind them of the main language functions and grammar points that they should know.

♦ HIPPO 1 ♦

Ovaj nivo je namenjem učenicima koji su rođeni 2005. ali i mlađim. (Na moje veliko zadovoljstvo, ove godine ima dosta mlađih učesnika iz naše škole.)

Da počemo od gramatike koju učenici traba da znaju na ovom nivou.

                                 Grammar Points

• Word order  – positive, negative and interrogative sentences

Red reči – u potvrdnim, odričnim i upitnim rečenicama

• Adjectives (colour, size…)

Pridevi za boju, veličinu, opisni pridevi…

• Adjective + noun

• Adjective + adjective + noun

Imeničke fraze sa pridevom – a small house’ ili sa dva prideva – a small yellow house’. Ovde treba da znate da pridevi uvek stoje ispred imenice i to prvo pridev za veličinu a onda sledi pridev za boju.

• Possessive ’s     ( It is John’s book.)

Prisvojno ‘s da označi pripadnost, kao u gornjem primeru – To je Džonova knjiga.

• Possessive adjectives

Prisvojni pridevi – my book, your hat, his pen, her name, our, your, their

• Plural of nouns

Množina imenica – cars, buses, countries... uključujući i nepravilnu množinu – men, women, children, feet, teeth

• Subject personal pronouns

Lične zamenice u subjekatskom padežu – I, you, he, she, it; we you, they

• Object personal pronouns

Lične zamenice u objekatskom padežu – me, you, him, her, it; us, you, them

• Articles

Članovi: neodređeni – a, an i određeni the

• Intensifier – very

• Prepositions of place

Predlozi za mesto – in, under, on, next to, between, behind, opposite

• Demonstrative adjectives

Pokazni pridevi – this, that, these, those

• Wh questions

Upitne reči – who, what, when, where, why, how, how many, how much, how old

Comparison superlative (the –est)

Poređenje prideva- superlativ- the tallest, the biggest, the most beautiful, the best

                                 Tenses / Verb Forms

• Present Simple

positive, negative + interrogative forms of verbs ‘to be’ ,  to have’

• Present Continuous

positive, negative + interrogative forms of verb

• Imperatives

e.g. Listen to me! receptive use only

                                    Communicative Functions

Greet people, respond to
greetings, bid farewell     Hello. Hi! Good morning/afternoon/evening.
   Pozdravi                             How are you? (I’m) fine, thank you.
Introduce oneself and make friends    What’s your name? I’m Shamia.
Predstavljanje/upoznavanje                   My name’s Juan. I’m called Ali.
                                                                         Are you Maria?
                                                                         I’m not Susy, I’m Becky.
                                                                        We’re friends.
Introduce and identify others       This is Hamid/Here is Lina.
                                                                 Her/His name’s …
 Predstavljanje /prepoznavanje     This is my father.
                                                                 She’s my sister.
                                                                 Who’s this? He’s called Pablo.
Identify objects                       What’s this? It’s a doll.
Prepoznavanje predmeta    This is a robot.
                                                     What are these? They’re books.
                                                     What colour is …?
                                                     Find …!
                                                      Which toy is it?
                                                     Guess what/which it is (receptive only)

                                                     Is that a kite?

                                                     Guess what/which it is (receptive only)
                                                     Is that a kite?
                                                     Is this an aeroplane or a robot?
                                                     Is that an elephant?
                                                    Are they boys or girls?
                                                    What’s that?
                                                    What’s this called?
Ask and answer questions about age     How old are you?  I’m eight.
Pitatii odgovariti za starost                       How old is Maria?
                                                                           How old is your sister?
                                                                           She’s/he’s seven years old.
                                                                           We’re twins.
Describe people               Her eyes are brown.
Opis ljudi                           Are your eyes blue or brown?
                                              What colours are these?
                                              Who’s the biggest?
                                              Who’s got the longest hair?
                                              Are you short or tall?
                                              How tall is he?
                                              Is it small?
                                             Which is the smallest?
                                             Maria is the shortest.
Ask and answer questions about clothes            What’s he wearing today?
 Pitati i odgovoriti u vezi odeće                               I’m wearing trousers and a shirt.
                                                                                          Are you wearing a tie?
                                                                                          Is Sue wearing a coat?
                                                                                          He’s not wearing his shoes.
                                                                                          Who’s wearing red socks?
                                                                                          Is Maria’s skirt red?
                                                                                         What colour’s (is) Maria’s blouse?
                                                                                         Put on your coats.
Ask and answer questions about likes and preferences
Pitati i odgovoriti u vezi dopadanja
I like cake.
Do you like chocolate? (receptive only)
What’s your favourite colour?
My favourite toy is a football.
My doll’s my favourite.
I like oranges best.
Express and respond to thanks            Thank you/thanks.
Zahvalnost                                                  That’s OK.

Apologise      Sorry

 Izvinjenje     I’m sorry
Express regret    Oh dear!
Žaljenje                Oh no!
Make suggestions   Let’s go!
Sugestije                    Let’s go to the shop.
Express agreement/disagreement   OK/Okay
Slaganje/neslaganje                              Right!/Wrong!
                                                                     Oh Yes!
                                                                       Yes, very good!
Respond positively and negatively to questions     Yes, I am 6
                                                                                                 No, you’re not
                                                                                                 Yes, he/she/it is
                                                                                                 No, we’re not
                                                                                                 Yes, we are
                                                                                                 Oh, yes!
                                                                                                 No, it isn’t
                                                                                                 No thanks/Thank you
                                                                                                 Yes please
                                                                                                 I don’t know
Ask and answer questions about number
How many?
How many are there?
How many rulers are there?
How many legs has it got?
How many books has Maria got?
How many animals has your brother got?
I’ve got/I have two brothers
There are seven
There’s a/one duck
What’s five and three?
Seven and six are thirteen
Ask and answer questions about possession
I have a ball
I’ve got an aeroplane
It’s his/her bike
That’s/this is your school bag
This is Wael’s book
Has she/he got an umbrella?
Is this/that Maria’s bag?
Whose book is this?
Whose toys are these?
Whose is this?
Whose are these?
Whose jumper are you wearing?
They’re my/your/our etc. books (Possessive
They’re Maria’s books (Possessive s)
Talk about the day and the weather
                                                                           It’s (very) hot today.
                                                                           It’s sunny.
                                                                           It isn’t cold today.
                                                                           Is it Tuesday today?
                                                                           What day is it?
                                                                           When is your lesson? Tuesday.
Ask and answer questions about location/relative position
Where are you?
Where are the children?
Where’s the box?
They’re here.
Oh,there’s the …
There are toys everywhere!
It’s under/on the table.
The cat is by/near/behind the chair.
The teacher is between the cupboards.
Understand simple instructions
Colour the shirt red.
Draw/paint/cut …
Make a face …
Give your monster a …
Match the children with their pets.
Read this page.
Make a question.
Write your name here.
Understand social utterances / exclamations
                                                                                         What a mess.
                                                                                         Very good!/Well done!
                                                                                         Please/Thank you.
                                                                                         Don’t be silly!
Understand simple classroom phraseology
Here you are.
Are you ready?
Your turn.
No, not Maria’s, Susan’s.
Point to the picture.
Put the book on the table.
Turn to page four.
Open your books.
Sit down/Stand up.
Stop (talking).
Close the door/window.
That’s right.
Look!/Look at the blackboard!
Listen to me.
Come he

New Year’s Art Competition

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At the end of 2016. my colleague Ana and I organized New Year’s Art Competition  for our 1st and 2nd grade students. We already know how ambitious they are during their English lessons, but we were so surprised to see their great will to show how good they are at drawing!

The children enjoyed the exhibition of these beautiful pictures in the hall of Knez Lazar School and finally, they voted for their favourite picture. They liked these works best:


Nina Krsmanović I3


Nadja Arsenijevic I3


Sofija Davidović I4


Ilija Rakić  II2


Ljubica Lazić II3


Marija Perišić II1


Teacher Ana and her students ready to vote

Prizes for  the 1st, 2nd and 3rd places were the sets of books for learning English. Congratulations!!!

Keep learning English and be creative!


                     HAPPY NEW YEAR!!!


Knez Lazar School

Strangers in Serbia

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Dictionary.com’s 2016 Word of the Year is xenophobia

The word xenophobia is actually relatively new, and only entered English in the late 1800s. It finds its roots in two Greek words, xénos meaning “stranger, guest,” and phóbos meaning “fear, panic.”

Dictionary.com defines xenophobia as

  1. fear or hatred of foreigners, people from different cultures, or strangers.

  2. It can also refer to fear or dislike of customs, dress, and cultures of people with backgrounds different from our own.

                                                                                                                                  During the Great war or the WW1, groups of  women from Scotland, Ireland, Britain, Wales, Canada, the USA, Australia and New Zealand came to Serbia in order to help the complete strangers survive and gain strength to fight so much stronger enemy. Those women weren’t familiar with the word ‘xenophobia’. On the contrary, what they showed was pure dedication, humanity and love for the Serbs – people they knew nothing about!

    In the following presentation I made some years ago for the 4th grade students you can see and hear (in Serbian) about three British women who came to Serbia as doctors and nurses and soon became our heroines. One of them even became the first Serbian woman officer!


    „Little grey quails“




To be…

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…or not to be!


Without this verb, we can’t say who we are, how old we are, where we come from nor we can name our favourite colour or a favourite thing.

We use TO BE in three forms:

              1  POSITIVE                                  2 NEGATIVE




Now, practice using TO BE in these exercises:





Groundhog day

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February 2nd is Groundhog Day celebrated across North America with the most important celebrations taking place in Pennsylvania.

This date also marks the half-way point between winter and spring.

According to legend, if a groundhog comes out of its hole on this day and sees its shadow, there will be six more weeks of winter weather. If it sees no shadow, it means that an early spring is coming.

Groundhog Day has its roots in the ancient Christian tradition of Candlemas Day, when clergy would bless and distribute candles needed for winter. The candles represented how long and cold the winter would be. Germans expanded on this concept by selecting an animal–the hedgehog–as means of predicting weather. Once they came to America, German settlers in Pennsylvania continued the tradition, although they switched from hedgehogs to groundhogs, which were plentiful in the Keystone State.


Groundhogs, also called woodchucks and whose scientific name is Marmota monax, typically weigh 12 to 15 pounds and live six to eight years. They eat vegetables and fruits, whistle when they’re frightened or looking for a mate and they can climb trees and swim. They go into hibernation in the late autumn; during this time, their body temperatures drop significantly, their heartbeats slow from 80 to 5 beats per minute and they can lose 30% of their body fat. In February, male groundhogs emerge from their burrows to look for a mate (not to predict the weather :)) before going underground again. They come out of hibernation for good in March.

Watch this video to find out more facts about groundhogs:

groundhogWhat is a groundhog?

In our country, February 15th is the day when a bear predicts the weather when it comes out of its hole.  We also believe that if it sees its shadow, winter will last for a while and if there is no shadow, spring will come soon. People traditionally call this bear „meteorologist“ Bozana (Goddess) probably because on that day is an Orthodox religious holiday Candlemas (Sretenje Gospodnje) which celebrated on February 2nd according to the church calendar and on February 15th according to Gregorian calendar.


At the same time, this day when winter and spring meet each other, when 40-day-old Jesus was taken to church for the first time to meet his father, is celebrated as the National Day of Serbia.



Komentari su isključeni na Apostrophe



The apostrophe is a punctuation mark which looks like a „flying comma“. Its most common use is in these two cases:

1. to form contractions

2. to form possessions


My students, though, use it in different situations and thus make terrible mistakes. One of the worst is when they use an apostrophe with plural noun form.

⇒ NEVER use   ‘  with plural nouns!


⇒ USE   ‘  with contractions (short forms):

Type Without contractions Contractions
Using  not is not, has not, had not, did not, would not, can not isn’t, hasn’t, hadn’t, didn’t, wouldn’t, can’t
Using  is she is, there is, he is, it is, Mary is, Jim is, Germany is, who is she’s, there’s, he’s, it’s, Mary’s, Jim’s, Germany’s, who’s
Using  am I am I’m
Using  are 
you are, they are, we are you’re, they’re, we’re
Using   have I have, you have, we have, they have I’ve, you’ve, we’ve, they’ve
Using  will I will, you will, she will, we will, they will I’ll, you’ll, she’ll, we’ll, they’ll
Using  would I would, you would, he would, we would, they would I’d, you’d, he’d, we’d, they’d

⇒ USE  ‘  with possessions (possessive ‘s):

Dog's - Copy

⇒ Note: When the possessive noun is in plural form, then write first s and after it the apostrophe – s’.


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